Monstera leaf

Monstera Adansonii (Swiss Cheese Plant) – Growing & Care Guide

Common Names:  Swiss cheese plant, five holes plant, Adanson’s monstera | Blooming season: Spring

👍 Loves: Moist, well-drained soil and partial sun | 👎 Hates: Direct sunshine, very wet soil

The Monstera Adansonii is an incredible, versatile plant that you can grow both outdoors and inside. Often nicknamed the Swiss cheese plant for the holes in its leaves, the Monstera Adansonii is a popular house plant native to Central and South America. Find out how to grow and care for this lovely plant!

Guide contents

  1. Identification
  2. When to plant
  3. Where to plant
  4. Growing and care tips
  5. Propagating
  6. FAQs

Identification

Monstera swiss cheese plant
A potted Monstera, or Swiss Cheese Plant

Monstera Adansonii is a popular climbing plant. However, it is commonly mistaken for the Monstera Deliciosa, which is also known as the Swiss cheese plant! Here are some defining features of the Monstera Adansonii that separates it from other Monsteras:

Height6 feet
Spread8 feet
FoliageGlossy, dark green leaves
FlowersCream
FormationIndividual
Identifying FeaturesSmall, narrow leaves Small holes on leaves

When to plant

You can grow Monstera Adansonii at any time of the year. This hardy climber isn’t too fussy about conditions. However, if you are growing it from seed, you will need to plant your Monstera Adansonii in seed-starting mix until it begins to germinate and grows large enough for transplanting, which should only be a few months.


Where to plant

🌱 Outdoors or inside in pots | 🌞 Partial sun | 🌡️ Temp above 18 °C

Although they are common houseplants, you can plant Monstera Adansonii outdoors as well as inside if you live in a tropical climate. If you are planting a Monstera Adansonii outdoors, it will need a warm spot that receives filtered sunlight. Since it is a vigorous climber, you’ll also need to give Monstera Adansonii something to cling to; planting it by large trees or a trellis should do the trick.  On the other hand, if you wish to keep your Monstera Adansonii as a house plant, you can plant it in any container so long as it has drainage holes.

It’s important to know that all parts of the Monstera Adansonii are incredibly toxic to pets. So, if you are going to be growing a Swiss cheese plant indoors, ensure you keep it out of the way of your pets.


Growing and care tips

The Monstera Adansonii is a low maintenance plant that usually only requires a little regular watering and fertilizing. However, for lush, glossy green leaves and a successful spread, there are a few things you can do to help your plant thrive. Here are some care tips for the Monstera Adansonii:

Watering

You need to keep yourMonstera Adansonii well-watered but not soaking wet. If you plant it outdoors, you can add a 2 inch layer of mulch to the soil to keep it moist. However, if you are growing your Monstera Adansonii indoors, you should try and water it at most once a week. Of course, since Monstera Adansonii has aerial roots, you can place one of its roots in a pot of water to let it take up the water itself.

Fertilizing

Since Monstera Adansonii grows quickly, it’s prone to nutrient deficiency. Fertilizer is the best way to ensure your Swiss cheese plant gets the right amount of nutrients. For lush green foliage, you can try adding fertilizer to your Monstera Adansonii once a month. However, if you notice the leaves of your plant turning yellow, this is a sure fire sign that it needs more nutrients, and you can up your fertilizing schedule.

Pest Control

Monstera Adansonii are common victims for sucking pests, particularly spider mites and scale insects. If your plant only has a small population of scale insects, you can remove them with a strong spray of water, or a cotton swab dipped in rubbing alcohol. However, for larger infestations or spider mites, you should try neem oil. 

Disease

The most common disease that Monstera Adansonii fall victim to is monstera mosaic disease. Monstera mosaic disease is a group of viruses that attack the plants cells, and you can identify it by the patterned discolouration it causes on monstera leaves. Additionally, monstera mosaic disease may cause slowed or halted growth. Unfortunately, there is not cure for mosaic disease. So, you must take precautions to prevent the disease taking hold. To prevent mosaic disease, use clean pots and tools every time you work with your Monstera Adansonii and wash your hands between handling different plants. 

Pruning

Due to the fast growth of the Monstera Adansonii, pruning is pretty much essential. To stop the plant from overpowering your room or garden and encourage healthier growth, you should prune your Monstera Adansonii thoroughly every spring. This way, you won’t affect its growth. Follow these steps to prune your Monstera Adansonii:

  1. First, use shears or gardening scissors to cut off any diseases, damaged, dying or dead parts of your plant. You should cut as close to where they meet the stem as possible.
  2. Next, decide which branches you need to cut. You should observe the current shape and structure of your plant, and the final structure you desire. For example, if you want a short, full plant, you should trim the dominant stems. However, if you want a more extensive growth, you just need to cut some of the leggy stems.
  3. Then, once you know where you are going to cut, start cutting! You’ll want to cut just above the node of the cutting point that you chose. The best way to go is cutting the point flat, or on a 45-degree angle.
  4. Finally, propagate your cuttings. As we mentioned, Monstera Adansonii are perfect plants for propagating, and you can use your cuttings to grow brand new plants. On the other hand, if you don’t want to propagate your Swiss cheese plant, you can compost them so long as they aren’t diseased.

Propagating

Plant propagation is where gardeners increase the number of plants of a certain species, and it’s great for saving money, sharing plants with the community and boosting the number of your favourite plants. Fortunately, it’s easy to grow new Monstera Adansonii from your current plant.

All you have to do is cut off a section of a Monstera Adansonii vine that holds at least two nodes, or the bits where the leaves form. Then, set that vine in a jar of water until roots begin to form. Once you spot new roots, you can plant your cutting in soil.


FAQs

How Quickly Do Monstera Grow?

Monstera Adansonii usually grow around 1 – 2 feet per year, making it a relatively fast growing climber. At this growth rate, it takes Monstera Adansonii around 2 to 3 years to reach its full size and maturity.

When To Repot Monstera Adansonii

Fortunately, there are several adequate times throughout the year to repot Monstera Adansonii. In fact, you can repot your Monstera Adansonii at any time of the year besides winter. However, if your climate usually sees an early winter or colder autumn, then spring or summer will be the best times to repot your Swiss cheese plant.

Growing Monstera Adansonii

The Monstera Adansonii is a hardy, low-maintenance plant that is becoming incredibly popular with gardeners around the UK. So, try growing this plant for yourself with our tips and find out the benefits of the Monstera Adansonii for yourself!

Do you have any tips for growing Monstera Adansonii? Let us know your advice!

Sources

[i] http://www.gflora.com/index.php?cmd=genus&family_id=7

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